Ports fortify imports and exports. For India, with a vast coastline of over 6000 km, ports are gateways to international trade and commerce. Ports offer tremendous potential for development and growth of a wide spectrum of maritime activities such as international shipping, coastal shipping, ship repairs, fishing, captive ports for specific industries, all weather ports, tourism and sports. There are 13 major ports and 185 non-major ports all along the coastline of the country.
Huge investments in the ports sector have become imperative so that infrastructure in the ports sector gets modernized, upgraded and is expanded to allow handling of higher volumes of cargo in the existing ports as well as in the new ports to be developed.
ANDHRA PRADESH : THE PIONEER
Andhra Pradesh was amongst the first maritime states to recognize the imperative need for increased port infrastructure and the role that the private sector would be required to play in developing the same. Andhra Pradesh has prepared a perspective development of ports according to which a cargo of 75 MTs and 200 MTs would be handled by 2011-2012 and 2019-2020 respectively.
Andhra Pradesh has on date 14 notified non-major ports and one major port (Visakkhapatnam) along its 996km coastline. Andhra Pradesh is well linked internally as well as to the rest of the World. The State is active in encouraging the private sector to improve the port infrastructure. Six ports are under various stages of development in the PPP mode.
The 14 notified non-major ports are Bhavanapadu, Meghavaram, Kalingapatnam, Bheemunipatnam, Gangavaram, Nakkapalli, Kakinada SEZ, Kakinada, S.Yanam, Narsapur, Machilipatnam, Nizampatnam, Vadarevu and Krishnapatnam.
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